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General Information on Nepal.
Nepal is natural beauty, Himalayan country located between India and china. It is known as a country of Himalaya,800 km long , 200km wide and 150m above from sea level. Nepal has Ten World Heritage Sites. Some of the highest mountains in the world including Mount Everest lives in Nepal. It has many kinds of natural environments an incredible range attracting nature lovers. Nepal is a paradise with different type of birds like pheasants, storks, cuckoos and pretty of birds. For those who love larger animals they can see elephant, royal Bengal tigers, bears, monkey, one horned rhino and many more animal. Kathmandu is the capital and large city of Nepal.
Before the unification of Nepal, it was divided in many small kingdom but In 1768 Prithvi Narayan shah, the ruler of the Gorkha kingdom unified diverse kingdoms and established the one greater Nepal and present the the border of Nepal. He defeated the Newar kings of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, patan and established the capital in Kathmandu. British East India company declared war on Nepal in 1814 B C. and attacked with a force of 50,000 men against Nepal's 12,000,expecting an easy victory but in the event it took two year and heavy losses in both side. After long war with Nepal British East India company took large area of Nepal. which now comprises the northern areas of the India state Himanchal, west Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. But later Britain return some part of tarai lands for its help in quelling the Indian mutiny of 1857.
It's hard to generalize about the climate of Nepal ranging in elevation from near sea level to the 8848m peak of mount Everest. Nepal has mainly four seasons which are below.Autumn ( September to November) in this seasons weather is clear , dry not cold and not hot too. in tarai. winter (December to February) in winter season weather is very cold, sky clean and clear, some time snowfalls at higher elevations. days are warm if sunny day but morning and night is very cold. Winter brings cold, foggy in mornings and clear evenings Spring (March to May) spring bring warmer weather and longer days Rhododendrons bloom in the hills. this is the best time to view wildlife and to travel in Nepal. Summer (June to August) these three month are monsoon and hot season in Nepal. it rain must of time.
All foreign national except Indians need visa to enter Nepal. Free visa for SAARC countries tourist. and Tourist visa issued on arrival at kathmandu airport and at official overland Nepal entry point. you have to have a passport size photo. at the airport you are require to pay in US$ or Nepalese rupees and u can change money at the counter next to the visa desk. At overland entry points official accept US dollars only. Nepal visa fee is as below.
US$ 25 or equivalent Nepali Rupees Multiple entry 15 days
US$ 40 or equivalent Nepali Rupees Multiple entry 30 days
US$ 100 or equivalent Nepali Rupees Multiple entry 90 days
Nepal Visa extension fee for less then 15 days is US$ 30 or equivalent Nepali Rupees but more then 15 days extension fee is US$ 2 per day. Nepal Tourist visa can be extended only for 150 days a year. Nepal Transit visa can be issued from Nepal's immigration office at the Nepal entry point. Need to pay US$ 5.
ATM service all major city of Nepal. In kathmandu and pokhara people can get ATM in every 5 to 10 minutes different place.
Nepal is inhabited by 27million people, 700.000 who live in Kathmandu. It's unique cultural mix is made up of various ethnic groups, including the Bhotiya (which include the Sherpa), Khas, Kirati, Magar, Newari, Tharu, Tamong and Tibetans. All in all, there are about 40 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages.
National Language of Nepal.
Nepal's official language is Nepali (Gurkhali) which has similarities with Hindu. There are also numerous regional variations/languages based on the different ethnic groups in Nepal.
Nepal's main religion is Hinduism, mixed with a good quantity of Buddhism.
Economy and Government
Nepal is a democratic country, but has the presence of a King. It has a bicameral legislature. The lower house, the House of Representatives, consists of 205 members. Members to the lower house are elected every five years. The upper house, the National Assembly, is made up of 60 members who have a six-year tenure in office. One-third of the members retire every two years. Fifteen members are elected by the local government, 35 members by proportional representation, and 10 members are nominated by the King.
For centuries the Kingdom of Nepal was divided into many principalities. Kirats ruled in the east, the Newars in the Kathmandu Valley, while Gurungs and Magars occupied the mid-west. The Kirats ruled from 300 BC and during their reign, emperor Ashoka arrived from India to build a pillar at Lumbini in memory of Lord Buddha. The Kirats were followed by the Lichhavis whose descendants today are believed to be the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley. During this period, art thrived in Nepal and many of the beautiful woodcarvings and sculptures that are found in the country belong to this era. With the end of the Lichhavi dynasty, Malla kings came to power in 1200 AD and they also con tributed tremendously to Nepal's art and culture. However, after almost 600 years of rule, the kings were not united among themselves and during the late 11th century, Prithvi Narayan Shah, King of Gorkha, conquered Kathman du and united Nepal into one kingdom. Recognizing the threat of the British Raj in India, he dismissed European missionaries from the country and for more than a century, Nepal remained in isolation. During the mid-I 9th century Jung Bahadur Rana became Nepal's first prime minister to wield absolute power. He set up an oligarchy and the Shah Kings remained figure-heads. The Ranas were overthrown in a democracy movement of the early 1950s. Today, Nepal enjoys a multi party democratic system with a constitutional Monarch.
In Nepal, ethnical cultural groups are diverse and many of them have their own languages and customs. However, they can be geographically categorized according to their habitats. Even though, there is much migration going on in the country now and the cultural definition of the people by area is difficult. Urban population is increasing by 7% each year and most cultures have intermingled.
The Sherpas who are of Tibeto-Burman stock mainly occupy the higher hills of eastern and central Nepal. The SoIu Khumbu region, where the world's tallest peak Mt. Everest stands, is inhabited by Sherpas. Generally they are Buddhist but some follow the Bon, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet, and other religions. The Sherpas are famed for their valor and mountaineering skills and are professionally involved in many mountain expeditions today. Sherpas have joined other occupations as well, like business, administration and politics.
Kirats and Rais
A wide variety of ethnic groups occupy the mid-hills. The Kirats or Limbus and Rais inhabit the east. During the 7th century BC, they established a dynasty in the Kathmandu Valley and ruled it for 1.000 years. They are not originally Hindus or Buddhists but are ancestor worshipers. However, today, many embrace Hinduism. In the former days, they were warriors and skilled hunters. The Kirats speak Tibeto-Burman languages. Many serve in the British Army today and have earned a reputation as the brave Gurkhas.
The population of the Kathmandu Valley consists mostly of Newars. They speak Nepalbbasa and practice Hinduism and Buddhism. Many families celebrate both Hindu and Buddhist festivals. Their culture also reflects tantrism and animism. Newars are accomplished in commerce and most enterprises in the heart of the Valley are run by them. Historically, they are well known for establishing the three artistically beautiful cities of Patan, Bhaktapur and Kathmandu.
The inhabitants of the hill flanks surrounding Kathmandu Valley are mostly Tamangs, who make up one of the largest Tibeto-Burman ethnic groups in the Kingdom. In the Tibetan language, Tamang means "horse soldier" which gives us an idea about their past occupation. Today, they farm and work as semi-skilled and unskilled laborers. Tamangs practice Tibetan Lamaism or the Bon religion and speak their own language.
The Magars live in the western and central hills of Nepal. They had their own kingdoms until the 18th century and were closely associated with the Hindu Indo-Aryans in the west. Much of their cultural practices have been influenced by Chhetris, and today it is difficult to make any difference in the housing, dressing and farming practices of the two. The Magars have been sought after by the British and Indian armies and a great number serve in the Gurkha regiments.
Another ethnic group closely resembling the Magars in many aspects are the Gurungs. They also live in the western and central hills of the country although further to the east. Of Tibeto-Burman stock, the Gurungs have their own distinct language and practice shamanism. Many find employment in the British and Indian armies.
The Khas are the Bahuns and Chhetris who formed their own kingdoms in the far-west. They are Hindus, and Nepali, which is the country's official language, was originally spoken by the Khas. Traditionally, the Bahuns were priests and are better educated than most ethnic groups. In fact, many occupy important government and educational posts in the kingdom today. The Chhetris have traditionally been known as warriors. Those living in the higher hills in the far western region lead hard lives because of lack of rain and farming is practiced in the river valleys and on the hill flanks.
Tharus, Majhi, Danuwar, Rajbansi, Darai, Satar, and Dhimal
The Tharus are one of the original ethnic groups to inhabit the Terai. The Majhi, Danuwar, Rajbansi, Darai, Satar, and Dhimal also occupy the flat lands. The Tharus have their own unique religion and practice animism. Their culture is especially suited for the hot plains and they are actually immune to malaria. They have Mongoloid features and speak their own language.
MAJOR FESTIVALS OF NEPAL:
• New Year's Day - April 14, (First day of Baisakh)
• Matatirtha Aunsi or Mother's Day - (April)
• Buddha Jayanti - (April)
• Machchendranath Rath Jatra - (May-June)
• Guru Purnima - (August)
• Gaijatra (August)
• Krishnashtami - (August-September)
• Gokarna Aunsi or Father's Day - (August-September)
• Indra Jatra - (September)
• Bada- Dashain - (September-October)
• Tihar - (October-November)
• Constitution Day - (November 9)
• Bala Chaturdarshi - (November-December)
• Birthday of His Majesty the King (December 28)
• Birth-anniversary of His Late Majesty King Prithvi Narayan Shah, The Great -(January 10)
• Basanta Panchami - (January- February)
• National Democracy Day - (February 18)
• Maha Shivratri - (March- April)
• Ghode Jatra -(March-April)
By Air: Tribhuvan Internaitonal Airport, Kathmandu.
By Land: (1) Kakarbhitta (2) Birgunj (3) Belhiya (Bhairahawa) (4) Nepalgunj (5) Dhangadi (6) Jogbani (Biratnagar) and (7) Mahendra Nagar in Nepal-lndia border and Kodari in Nepal-China border. The overland tourists entering the Kingdom with their vehicles must possess an international carnet.
Royal Nepal Airlines the national flag carrier of Nepal and other International airlines operate scheduled flights to Kathmandu from Bangkok, Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Dubai, Dhaka, Paro, Varanasi, Frankfurt, Paris, Hongkong, Karachi, London, Moscow, Singapore and Lhasa.The International Airlines operating their flights to Kathmandu include Aeroflot, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, China South West Airlines, Druk Air, Indian Airlines, Lufthansa, Pakistan International Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai International.
Royal Nepal Arilines has an extensive network of air services in the interior of Nepal. This include Taplejung, Bhadrapur, Rajbiraj, Bhojpur, Phapl, Lukla, Lamidanda Tumlingtar, Rumjatar, and Biratnagar in the East; Nepalgunj, Chaurjhari, Surkhet, Dang, Rolpa and Jumla, in the Mid-West, and kolti, Mahendranagar, Dhangadi, Silgadi (Doti), Tikapur, Sanphebagar, Baitadi, and Darchula in the Far Western Region. Besides Royal Nepal Airlines, the other domestic airlines such as Nepal Airways, Everest Air, Asian Airlines Helicopter, Necon Air provide regular and charter services to different popular domestic destinations
Nepal Airport Departure Tax:-RS 1695 Per Person is departure Tax for other then SAARC Nation and RS 1195 for SARC Nation (Maldives, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, India, Afghanistan) and RS 165 for Nepal domestic flight. passenger must be at Air port 3 hours before for international flight and one hour before for domestic flight.
NEPAL TRAVEL INFORMATION (NEPAL TRAVEL AGENTS AND NEPAL TRAVEL GUIDE)
We provide you with Nepal Travel and Tour information including facts, maps, history, culture, people, transport, weather about Nepal. Find popular places to visit in Nepal.Nepal is a unique destination for travel, trekking and tours because of its unbeatable combination of natural beauty and cultural riches. And the most appropriate way to experience it is walk through them. Nepal is a special and rewarding mountain holiday and tough or easy walking trip following well developed trails. With a trek around Nepal, you will directly experience our culture and way of life of different ethnic people, religion and festivals.
Visitors exploring Nepal can range from easy walking excursions, to a strenuous climb of the snowy peaks. The most rewarding way to experience Nepal's natural, and world famous attractions, is to walk through the length, breadth and onto the altitudes of the country. Trekking in Nepal is a big part to the ultimate Himalayan adventure, and the majority of tourists include trekking in Nepal as a part of their itinerary. Trekking has the benefit of creating a situation where the tourist comes in direct contact with the local community, giving them an intimate and friendly insight into the various cultures in Nepal.
One can also trek in Nepal on ponies in some of the remote areas. The ponies are well trained and are an equally enthralling way to travel for visitors. Pony treks follow nearly the same routes, and are offered mostly in western region of Pokhara, Dolpa and Lo-Manthang Mustang). Trekking is the only way to know the locals intimately and experience their cultural hospitality. No special degree of fitness is required, and age is no barrier, except in the area over 10000 feet altitude where extra care should be taken. Anyone with an average degree of fitness, and the spirit for adventure will enjoy the thrill of trekking in the hills of Nepal. Exploring the exotic variety of culture and scenery is what brings people back to Nepal time and again. One can walk along the trails, which are easy to follow, and have been used by the local inhabitants for centuries, or you can explore less used tracks, our guides can define these for you.
Either way you are in for an experience of a lifetime. Along with forests of brilliantly coloured Laligurans (Rhododendrons), the National flower of Nepal, isolated hamlets, the lower Himalayan mountains, villages that appear to be untouched by time and the passing centuries, you will see birds,(more than 850 species of birds are known in Nepal) animals, some exotic, like the Snow Leopard, some majestic, such as the Bengal Tiger, and many other animals, temples, monasteries and breathtaking landscapes. You will also encounter friendly people of different cultures offering a fascinating glimpse into traditional life in the villages. Travel agency of Nepal which make you safe and reliable journeys in your lifetime!
Hotel in Nepal
finding a hotel and guest house is not a big problem in Nepal. Established and well managed hotel and guest house offer good service. September to December is high tourist seasons in Nepal. at this time all hotel and guest house increase the price for room. More popular hotel and guest house take online room reservation.
Nepal travel is going to be more popular for travel lover. Travel to Nepal has emerged as a major travel destination on the world but it's not possible to see everything that Nepal has offer in one trip. We suggest to visit follows selective and subjective place of the country. These are main place to visit in Nepal. Nepal Trekking, Nepal rafting, bungy jump,swyambunath stupa, Nepal national park, Bhaktapur, Patan durbar square, Fewa lake, patan museum, mountain -biking, Pashupatinath temple, Boudhanath, Tharu culture programmee, Kathmandu durbar square, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini, Palpa Nagarkot, Dhulikhel,etc...
Nepal Tour, Nepal Tour Package, Nepal Travel Guide, Nepal Tourism
Nepal is famous not only for trekking but also for tour. people can enjoy with several tour like all Nepal tour, Nepal honeymoon tour, Nepal cultural tour, Nepal Jungle safari tour, Nepal Pilgrimage Tour Nepal hiking tour and many more. There are many Nepal tour operator company who gives best Nepal tour which will be memorable tour. Nepal package Tours and Travel Pvt. Ltd welcome for all traveler here in Nepal to enjoy with Nepal natural beauty. Our pre-designed Nepal tour packages offer you a complete travel package at your fingertips. Our Nepal tour packages are customizable to your needs, it's easy to plan a Nepal tour on your desire. if you want to do outdoor activities like Nepal trekking, sightseeing, rafting, actions adventure Nepal is the best place to start your travels. We are happy to extend our hospitality and hope your Nepal tour and stay in Nepal is a memorable.
Nepal Trekking, Nepal Trekking Guide, Nepal Trekking Seasons, Nepal Trekking Map, Trekking in Nepal
Nepal trekking is the best way to know reality of Nepal, Nepali people and place of Nepal. The Himalayan slopes to an altitude of 5500m is within the scope of ordinary tours and treks. Tourist can get excellent view of the silver white mountain from the trekking routes. Depending on the choice and experience there are different levels of treks. most trekking routs are within the altitudes between 1000 to 5000 meters. Nepal trekking can be enjoyed in all season but Nepal's most popular trekking season are Autumn ( September to November), Spring (March to May). Winter is very cold above 4000m and in high mountain passes covered with snow but its also enjoyable at lower altitudes. generally trekkers like to trek in Everest trek, Annapurna treks, langtang treks, ghorepani treks, ganeshhimal treks, Gosainkunda treks, Mustang treks, Kanchanjunga treks. Even in the monsoon season (June- August ) also trekkers can trek. Nepal treks is The best way to experience Nepal's rich natural beauty and Nepal culture visit on foot.
Nepal Rafting and Kayaking
Nepal rafting has always been another type of exciting adventure tourism in Nepal. Rafting down the roaring Himalayan rivers provides scenic beauty near at hand and a chance to explore the hidden geographical and cultural mysteries. In recent year rafting and kayaking have really boomed in Nepal. Nepal has some of the best whitewater. Nepal Rafting is wonderful way to know Nepal and traditional of countryside.
Nepal is also a nature lover's paradise. The country is greatly influenced by the topography and the flora and fauna with the difference in the climate conditions and the range of altitudes. The most spectacular wildlife is in tropical terai region. The Himalayan mountain area also have potential for observation and exploration. visitors also can encounter with exotic animals and jungle environment. National parks and wildlife reserve such as chitwan national parks, Bardia national park, sukla phanta wildlife reserve ,koshi tappu wildlife reserve etc are natural habitat for mammals and variety of birds.
Pilgrimage Tour Package for Nepal - 11days
Nepal is land of God and Goddess, and one of the sacred spiritual places in the world. It is also birth-place of Gautan Buddha. In this tour program you will be visiting Pashupatinath temple, Boudhanath stupa and Dakshinkali temple in Kathmandu. Similarly Manakamana temple on the way to Pokhara and Muktinath Temple in Jomsom which is fine example of the religious harmony rested in the lap of Himalayas.
We are operating Hindu as well as Buddhist Circuit Religious Tours with many Hindu Temples and Buddhist Monasteries in Nepal.
Day 01 : Arrival Kathmandu
Day 02 : Full Day Sightseeing Tour
Day 03 : Drive Kathmandu/Pokhara
Day 04 : Fly Pokhara/ Jomsom
Day 05 : Back to Jomsom
Day 06 : Fly Jomsom/ Pokhara
Day 07 : Drive Pokhara/Lumbini
Day 08 : Sightseeing Tour in Lumbini
Day 09 : Drive Lumbini/ Kathmandu
Day 10 : Free in kathmandu
Day 11 : Final Departure
If you are looking for different itineraries, cost and other information, please contact us at the following address. We will response you as soon as possible.
Bhutan Operation Head Office
Tashi Gongphel Tours
P.O Box: 1613
Opposite to Hotel Jumolhari
Tele fax: 975-02-337388
Website: CLICK HERE
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